Shortage of workers

In many industry leaders feel that a shortage of workers and the poor quality of worker are the biggest problems facing the industry. The problems manager face include

  • Fewer applicants for jobs
  • Jobs staying vacant longer
  • Turnover
  • A lack of qualified applicants

Factors that contribute the labor crisis

There are a number of factors that contribute to the labor crisis.

Changing demographics

Most observers agree that there are at least six demographic trends that will have a significant impact on the American work force and consequently on all businesses.

  • Population growth
  • The Middle-Aging of America
  • The increase in women worker
  • The shifting population
  • The growth in education levels
  • The diversity of the work force

High turn over

High turnover rates are another labor problem that other industry and hospitality mangers must copy with. One result of this high turnover rate is that many employees are not well trained or experienced enough provide the quality of service customers expect. It is difficult to pin down all of the reasons for the industry’s high turnover rates, but there are a few that may be universal. They are

  • Inefficient hiring systems
  • Limited opportunities for advancement
  • Lack of training and supervision

Legislation

It is important for managers to understand legislation that has an impact on the way they manage their business. In the year 1938 the U.S. congress passed the fair labor standards act (FLSA), which established laws concerning wages and overtime. The law addressed such issues as the employment of minors and equal pay for men and women who perform the same kind of work. There are many Acts in legislation.

  • The Civil Right Act of 1964
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
  • The American with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • The Family and Medical leave Act of 1993
  • The Illegal Immigration reform and Immigrant responsibility Act of 1996

These are the Acts that come under legislation.

Related to managing human resources

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